Hello friends! Here are notes and detailed explanations for questions and answers to the NBME internal medicine Form 4 practice exam. Hope this helps and good luck! Check out the answers and explanations for NBME internal medicine Form 6 practice exam here.
In the quest for overall well-being, incorporating a diverse range of nutrient-dense foods into your diet is a key strategy. These foods not only support physical health but also contribute to sustained energy levels and an enhanced sense of happiness. Let’s explore the top 25 healthy and nutritious foods that serve as cornerstones for a vibrant and fulfilling life.
Hello friends! Here are notes and detailed explanations for questions and answers to the NBME internal medicine Form 6 practice exam. Hope this helps and good luck!
Types of Stroke – Ischemic Stroke vs Hemorrhagic Stroke: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis
Strokes are a leading cause of disability and mortality worldwide, affecting millions of people each year. Two primary types of strokes, ischemic and hemorrhagic, differ in their underlying causes, symptoms, and treatments. Understanding the distinctions between these types is crucial for effective management and prevention in patients.
Happy New Year and New Year Resolutions: 25 Health and Wellness Tips for a Healthier and Happier New Year
Happy New Year! As we step into a brand-new year, it’s the perfect time to embrace positive changes for a healthier, happier you. This article lists 25 practical and enjoyable ways to enhance your well-being through mindful nutrition, invigorating exercise, stress reduction, and overall happiness. Let’s dive into a world of wellness and make 2024 your healthiest year yet!
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) – Cystitis vs Pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, and Prognosis
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections that affect the urinary system. They can manifest in various forms, with cystitis and pyelonephritis being two distinct types of UTIs. While both conditions involve bacterial invasion of the urinary tract, they differ in terms of their symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis. This essay aims to compare and contrast cystitis and pyelonephritis along these dimensions to provide a comprehensive understanding of these prevalent medical conditions. Included are a summary table and multiple choice practice questions and answers. Enjoy!
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Crohn’s Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, and Prognosis
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC) affect millions and are both types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affect the gastrointestinal tract. This essay aims to compare and contrast Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, shedding light on their clinical presentations, underlying mechanisms, diagnostic approaches, treatment options, and prognosis. Included are a summary table and multiple choice practice questions and answers. Enjoy!
Medical abbreviations play a crucial role in the healthcare field by simplifying communication, improving efficiency, and ensuring patient safety. Accurate and standardized use of medical abbreviations is essential in medical record notes, as misinterpretation can lead to serious consequences. In this essay, we will present a comprehensive list of the top 70 medical abbreviations commonly used in medical record notes and a sample history and physical exam medical record note using the abbreviations, followed by a table for easy reference and multiple choice practice questions with answer explanations.
Radiology plays a pivotal role in helping patients and clinicians with diagnosing and assessing various medical conditions by utilizing advanced imaging techniques. One such diagnostic procedure is the Modified Barium Swallow Exam (MBSE) commonly used to help patients, which provides invaluable insights into the anatomy and function of the upper digestive tract. This essay delves into the anatomy, steps, diagnosis, and findings associated with the Modified Barium Swallow Exam. Stay tuned for practice questions and answers at the end!
Choosing a major in college can be challenging! Deciding to do a biology major, a chemistry major, and a biochemistry major in college involves considering their coursework, potential career prospects, and the future opportunities they can lead to. The popularity of biology, chemistry, and biochemistry majors in college can vary based on factors such as current trends, career opportunities, individual interests, and the unique strengths of each field. Their popularity can also be influenced by cultural and societal factors.
Comparing and Contrasting Acute Cholecystitis vs. Acute Cholangitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prognosis
Acute cholecystitis and acute cholangitis are both critical medical conditions that affect the biliary system, which plays a crucial role in the digestion and absorption of fats. While they share similarities in their symptoms and potential complications, these two conditions have distinct causes, diagnostic criteria, and management strategies. This essay aims to compare and contrast acute cholecystitis and acute cholangitis, shedding light on their clinical presentations, underlying mechanisms, diagnostic approaches, treatment options, and prognosis.
Sharing an insightful article that was written in 2020 during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic about the economy! It’s amazing how far we’ve come!
COVID-19 and the Global Economic Recession
We constantly hear about how COVID-19 has or will destroy the economy all the time. Terms like “global economic recession” and “industry shut-downs” are being used more and more as this pandemic continues to wreak havoc across the globe. Even if a large majority of society may not understand exactly what these terms mean, they’ve been used enough times to gather that it doesn’t indicate the situation is getting better, and they are terms you don’t generally want to hear every day on the television. But what much of society doesn’t know, is why these terms are being used. This is imperative to understand in order to identify how to make the situation better.
Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Adjustable Gastric Banding: Anatomy, Mechanisms, Treatment, and Prognosis
Hello friends! Sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and adjustable gastric banding are three popular surgical interventions for weight loss. These procedures aim to reduce the size of the stomach or limit food intake to promote weight loss. This essay compares and contrasts these procedures in terms of anatomy, mechanisms, treatment approach, and prognosis. Let’s dive in!
Heart Attack versus Heart Failure: Anatomy, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hello there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore heart attacks and heart failure, which are both important and highly common medical conditions. It is important to differentiate between heart attacks and heart failure as they have different clinical presentations and treatment approaches. Let’s compare and contrast these two types in terms of anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Stanford Type A vs Stanford Type B Aortic Dissection: Anatomy, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hi there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore aortic dissection which is a serious medical condition characterized by the tearing of the inner layer of the aortic wall, resulting in the formation of a false channel for blood flow. It is important to differentiate between Stanford type A and Stanford type B aortic dissections as they have different clinical presentations and treatment approaches. Let’s compare and contrast these two types in terms of anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Fun Facts and Greek Mythology about Zeus the God of the Seas and Storms. In this lesson, we learn all about Poseidon, a prominent god in Greek mythology, often associated with the sea, earthquakes, and horses. As an important figure in ancient Greek religion, Poseidon has left an indelible mark on Western culture. Poseidon is often depicted as a powerful and imposing figure, wielding a trident and riding on the backs of horses. He is the god of the sea and all its creatures, and is said to have the power to create and control waves, storms, and earthquakes. In mythology, Poseidon is also known for his temperamental nature and his penchant for punishing those who displease him. In addition to Poseidon, the beautiful Aphrodite and wise Athena are among the twelve most important Olympian deities who reside on Mount Olympus, alongside Greek Gods such as Hermes and Apollo.
Systolic Heart Failure vs Diastolic Heart Failure: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hey there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore heart failure, a medical condition where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. There are two types of heart failure: systolic and diastolic. Systolic heart failure is a condition where the heart muscles do not contract as forcefully as they should during each heartbeat. Diastolic heart failure is a condition where the heart muscles do not relax as they should during each heartbeat.
Aortic Stenosis vs Aortic Regurgitation: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hi there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation as two common heart conditions that affect the aortic valve, which controls blood flow from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. While both conditions involve the aortic valve, they differ in their underlying causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Heart Block: First Degree vs Second Degree (Type I and Type 2) vs Third Degree – ECG Findings, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hello, my friends! In this lesson, we explore the four types of heart block. Heart block, also known as atrioventricular (AV) block, is a condition where there is a disruption in the electrical signals between the atria and ventricles of the heart. This can lead to a slower or irregular heartbeat, which can cause various symptoms and complications. There are four types of heart block: first-degree, second-degree type 1 (Wenckebach), second-degree type 2 (Mobitz II), and third-degree (complete) heart block. In this essay, we will compare and contrast the four types of heart block, including their ECG patterns, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Epidural Hematoma vs Subdural Hematoma vs Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis
Epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage are all types of intracranial bleeding that can occur due to various reasons, including head injury, stroke, or aneurysm. While these conditions share some similarities in terms of symptoms and treatment, there are also significant differences between them that can affect their diagnosis and prognosis.
Rabbits are commonly seen in dreams and often hold significant meaning. The interpretation of rabbits in dreams can vary, but they often represent fertility, prosperity, and good luck. In this essay, we will focus on the symbolism of rabbits in dreams and as spirit animals in historical mythology.
What is Wilson disease? Do not fret, young medical student. In this lesson, we learn about Wilson disease and include high-yield medical school information, such as causes, pathology, diagnosis, and treatments. Test yourself with our high-yield question vignettes with answers on Wilson Disease.
Are you a medical student interested in pain medicine and pain management? Or, perhaps, want to learn more about the pharmacology or interventional procedures of pain medicine? Then, you’ve come to the right place to learn about the basics of pain management! In this succinct, easy-to-understand lesson, we learn about pain medicine, pain management for both acute and chronic pain, as well as pharmacology and interventional pain management. All on aboard!
Endocarditis vs Myocarditis vs Pericarditis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]
Hello my lovely friends! And Happy Heart Month! In this lesson, we explore the circulatory system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will continue to explore the awesome heart! Topics include inflammatory conditions of the heart: Endocarditis vs Myocarditis vs Pericarditis – Structure of the Layers of the Heart, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis.
Health insurance is an essential aspect of our lives as it helps us manage the cost of healthcare and protects us from financial instability in case of any medical emergency. There are different types of health insurance plans available in the market, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. In this essay, we will compare and contrast the various types of health insurance plans available in the market, including Fee-for-Service vs EPO vs HMO vs PPO vs Point-of-Service.