Thank You Ma’am Analysis: by Langston Hughes

Thank You Ma’am Analysis

In the American short story “Thank You, M’aam,” Langston Hughes creates a powerful plot emphasizing themes of kindness and forgiveness. Setting the story in the 1950s of America where African Americans still faced prejudice and segregation in society, Hughes captures a snapshot of the life, experience, and culture back then. Employing literary devices, Langston also effectively uses situational irony to create a twist in the reader’s expectations and develop meaning and depth to his African American characters Ms. Luella Bates Washington Jones and young teen Roger.

Kindness and forgiveness themes in Thank You Ma’am by Langston Hughes ❤

Thank You Ma’am Summary, Themes

In the beginning of the story, a boy named Roger attempts to steal Ms. Jones’s purse in the middle of the night but fails to run away with it due to its heaviness.  Consequently, Ms. Jones angrily lectures him and hauls him away. Instead of bringing him to the police station in which the reader (and Roger) would expect, she drags Roger to her home and ironically gives him food and money. At this point, Roger faces an internal conflict of whether to run or not; however, he “took the care to sit on the far side of the room where he thought she could easily see him out of the corner of her eye, if she wanted to. He did not trust the woman not to trust him. And he did not want to be mistrusted now” (Hughes, 79).


Despite Roger’s act of theft, Ms. Jones ironically feeds him and treats him well as family. The ephemeral external conflict of stealing turns against Roger, and he instead faces a conflict of trust. Author Langston Hughes intentionally creates Roger’s situation of trust to create the turning point of the story, in which the boy’s character changes due to emotions of feeling homely with the woman. Unlike the reader’s expectation for him to flee away, the qualities of being good and obedient add to his characterization, ultimately turning the boy into a dynamic character. He wants Ms. Jones to see him in a new light and to gain her trust with his integrity. Langston Hughes’ use of situational irony greatly influences the power of the story by placing an unpredictable turn in events and further establishing both African American characters’ characterization.

To run or to not to run? Life can sometimes be tough, but sometimes a little act of kindness can do a long way in someone’s path. :mrgreen:

Thank You Ma’am Conclusion

Instead of berating Roger, Ms. Jones offers him dinner, where they sit together and eat, and she later on gives him $10. Ms. Jones’s actions exemplify her guidance like a parent-like figure. By gifting Roger $10 and not placing any limitations on what he should buy with it, Ms. Jones also gives the boy room to make his own decisions and ultimately understand the meaning of responsibility for his own actions. Imparted with trust and the kindness of Ms. Jones, Roger ultimately learns an unforgettable lesson of forgiveness and generosity.

Read the Short Story: Thank You Ma’am by Langston Hughes right below – All rights reserved to Langston Hughes

She was a large woman with a large purse that had everything in it but hammer and nails. It had a long strap, and she carried it slung across her shoulder. It was about eleven o’clock at night, and she was walking alone, when a boy ran up behind her and tried to snatch her purse. The strap broke with the single tug the boy gave it from behind. But the boy’s weight and the weight of the purse combined caused him to lose his balance so, intsead of taking off full blast as he had hoped, the boy fell on his back on the sidewalk, and his legs flew up. the large woman simply turned around and kicked him right square in his blue-jeaned sitter. Then she reached down, picked the boy up by his shirt front, and shook him until his teeth rattled.

Grabbing the purse in Thank You Ma’am; “The weight of the purse combined caused him to lose his balance so…”

After that the woman said, “Pick up my pocketbook, boy, and give it here.” She still held him. But she bent down enough to permit him to stoop and pick up her purse. Then she said, “Now ain’t you ashamed of yourself?” Firmly gripped by his shirt front, the boy said, “Yes’m.” The woman said, “What did you want to do it for?” The boy said, “I didn’t aim to.” She said, “You a lie!” By that time two or three people passed, stopped, turned to look, and some stood watching. “If I turn you loose, will you run?” asked the woman. “Yes’m,” said the boy. “Then I won’t turn you loose,” said the woman. She did not release him. “I’m very sorry, lady, I’m sorry,” whispered the boy. “Um-hum! And your face is dirty. I got a great mind to wash your face for you. Ain’t you got nobody home to tell you to wash your face?”


“No’m,” said the boy. “Then it will get washed this evening,” said the large woman starting up the street, dragging the frightened boy behind her. He looked as if he were fourteen or fifteen, frail and willow-wild, in tennis shoes and blue jeans. The woman said, “You ought to be my son. I would teach you right from wrong. Least I can do right now is to wash your face. Are you hungry?” “No’m,” said the being dragged boy. “I just want you to turn me loose.” “Was I bothering you when I turned that corner?” asked the woman. “No’m.”

“But you put yourself in contact with me,” said the woman. “If you think that that contact is not going to last awhile, you got another thought coming. When I get through with you, sir, you are going to remember Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones.” Sweat popped out on the boy’s face and he began to struggle. Mrs. Jones stopped, jerked him around in front of her, put a half-nelson about his neck, and continued to drag him up the street. When she got to her door, she dragged the boy inside, down a hall, and into a large kitchenette furnished room at the rear of the house. She switched on the light and left the door open. The boy could hear other roomers laughing and talking in the large house. Some of their doors were open, too, so he knew he and the woman were not alone. The woman still had him by the neck in the middle of her room. She said, “What is your name?”

“Roger,” answered the boy. “Then, Roger, you go to that sink and wash your face,” said the woman, whereupon she turned him loose—at last. Roger looked at the door—looked at the woman—looked at the door—and went to the sink. Let the water run until it gets warm,” she said. “Here’s a clean towel.” “You gonna take me to jail?” asked the boy, bending over the sink. “Not with that face, I would not take you nowhere,” said the woman. “Here I am trying to get home to cook me a bite to eat and you snatch my pocketbook! Maybe, you ain’t been to your supper either, late as it be. Have you?” “There’s nobody home at my house,” said the boy. “Then we’ll eat,” said the woman, “I believe you’re hungry—or been hungry—to try to snatch my pocket book.” “I wanted a pair of blue suede shoes,” said the boy. “Well, you didn’t have to snatch my pocketbook to get some suede shoes,” said Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones. “You could of asked me.” “M’am?” The water dripping from his face, the boy looked at her. There was a long pause. A very long pause. After he had dried his face and not knowing what else to do dried it again, the boy turned around, wondering what next. The door was open. He could make a dash for it down the hall. He could run, run, run, run, run! The woman was sitting on the day-bed. After a while she said, “I were young once and I wanted things I could not get.” There was another long pause. The boy’s mouth opened. Then he frowned, but not knowing he frowned.

Blue suede shoes in Thank You Ma’am by Langston Hughes

The woman said, “Um-hum! You thought I was going to say but, didn’t you? You thought I was going to say, but I didn’t snatch people’s pocketbooks. Well, I wasn’t going to say that.” Pause. Silence. “I have done things, too, which I would not tell you, son—neither tell God, if he didn’t already know. So you set down while I fix us something to eat. You might run that comb through your hair so you will look presentable.” In another corner of the room behind a screen was a gas plate and an icebox. Mrs. Jones got up and went behind the screen. The woman did not watch the boy to see if he was going to run now, nor did she watch her purse which she left behind her on the day-bed. But the boy took care to sit on the far side of the room where he thought she could easily see him out of the corner of her eye, if she wanted to. He did not trust the woman not to trust him. And he did not want to be mistrusted now.

“Do you need somebody to go to the store,” asked the boy, “maybe to get some milk or something?” “Don’t believe I do,” said the woman, “unless you just want sweet milk yourself. I was going to make cocoa out of this canned milk I got here.” “That will be fine,” said the boy. She heated some lima beans and ham she had in the icebox, made the cocoa, and set the table. The woman did not ask the boy anything about where he lived, or his folks, or anything else that would embarrass him. Instead, as they ate, she told him about her job in a hotel beauty-shop that stayed open late, what the work was like, and how all kinds of women came in and out, blondes, red-heads, and Spanish. Then she cut him a half of her ten-cent cake. “Eat some more, son,” she said. When they were finished eating she got up and said, “Now, here, take this ten dollars and buy yourself some blue suede shoes. And next time, do not make the mistake of latching onto my pocketbook nor nobody else’s—because shoes come by devilish like that will burn your feet. I got to get my rest now. But I wish you would behave yourself, son, from here on in.” She led him down the hall to the front door and opened it. “Good-night! Behave yourself, boy!” she said, looking out into the street. The boy wanted to say something else other than “Thank you, m’am” to Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones, but he couldn’t do so as he turned at the barren stoop and looked back at the large woman in the door. He barely managed to say “Thank you” before she shut the door. And he never saw her again.

Did you enjoy Thank You Ma’am by Langston Hughes? What are some things that make you Grateful? 😀

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