Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte- Literary Analysis [Part 1: Character Analysis and Symbolism of Edward Rochester & Jane Eyre]

The Reconciliation of Fire, Ice, and Eyre

In the novel Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte explores a patriarchal Victorian society, where Nature clashes with monotheist Christianity, and passion clashes with reason. As Jane develops, conflicted with these polarized binaries, Bronte examines the dichotomy between the fire of passion and emotion and the ice of spirituality and rationality. Through Jane’s internal conflict with Rochester and Bertha, Bronte employs a recurring fire motif to delineate the vulnerabilities of an unrestrained burning passion, with emotions overpowering the ability to reason and think. Through Jane’s internal struggle with St. John, Bronte uses iterations of the ice motif to suggest that the extreme renunciation of self-desires and the embrace of rationality and spirituality shroud corporeal passions that would otherwise kindle warmth and individuality in a frigidly stratified society. By coupling these antithesis elemental motifs with the influences of Rochester, Bertha, and St. John, Brontë explores the balance of passion and rationality as catalysis for the development of identity and ultimately its impetus for the augmentation of humanity and its condition.

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Will Edward Rochester unlock Jane’s heart with his key of fiery passion?

 

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Or will St. John capture her heart first in his breathless frozen winterland?

Character Analysis and Symbolism of Edward Rochester with Jane Eyre in Jane Eyre

Bronte uses a fire motif to portray the burning unrestrained passions of Jane and her conflict with Rochester and Bertha in order to explore how unbridled passion, in the absence of rationality, clouds the perception of spiritual and societal morality. Despite Rochester’s “callous” appearance, Jane is attracted by his “pleasurable and genial…face…his presence more cheering than the brightest fire” (Brontë 146).By dichotomizing Jane’s enamor of Rochester’s “pleasurable and genial face” with his physical “callous” features, Bronte accentuates the extent to which Jane is entranced with her passion of love and blind to his flaws, his “callous[ness].”Rochester is not just her “bright fire” but “the brightest fire.” Through Jane’s superlative proclamation and fire motif, Bronte also adumbrates at the protagonist’s naivety of her “brightest fire” passion. Without fully rationalizing Rochester’s special treatment towards her or his subsequent seduction in the garden, Jane continues to “lavish the love of the whole heart, soul, and strength,” listening more to her flaming emotions than her logic, the need to “keep to your caste” (162). Likewise, Brontë uses the “brightest fire” motif to show that Jane’s inexperience with passionate love obscures her rational judgment of questioning Rochester’s motives, smoldering her ability to reason under a conflagration of feelings.

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Rochester and Jane Eyre in the 1943 film

Ultimately, as Jane learns about Rochester’s manipulation and secret wife,rationality emerges, and the flames of her passionate love waver. She asserts that “him who thus loved me I absolutely worshipped: and I must renounce love and idol. One drear word comprised of my duty – ‘Depart!’” (315). Jane understands that although she “love[s] him,” it is logical to “depart,” her “duty” to still retain her moral principles of society by not joining in Rochester’s immoral corruption. Her “duty” of empowered rationality allows her to logically “renounce” the enslaving power that Rochester asserts and seek a different lifestyle without stifling either passion or moral. Thus, Bronte uses Jane’s reentrance of reason in her internal conflict of passion to suggest that rationality instills clear judgment and helps pave way for a more moral, spiritual life.

[READ Part 2: Bertha Mason’s Literary Symbolism and Character Analysis –>]

[READ Part 3: St. John Rivers’ Character Analysis and Literary Symbolism in Jane Eyre –>]

[READ Part 4: Jane Eyre’s Plot Overview Symbolism and Symbolic Conclusion between Edward Rochester and St. John –>]

Works Cited

Brontë, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975. Print.

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. “A Dialogue of Self and Soul: Plain Jane’s Progress.”

The Madwoman in the Attic. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976. Print.

Lamonaca, Maria. “Jane’s Crown of Thorns: Feminism and Christianity in Jane Eyre.” Studies in the Novel. 34.3 (2002): 245-263.

Additional Resources

Princeton Review – Cracking the AP English Language & Composition Exam, 2019 Edition: Practice Tests & Proven Techniques to Help You Score a 5 (College Test Preparation)

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6 Comments

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