Tag: mcat

NBME Internal Medicine Form 6: Notes and Explanations for the Answers

Hello friends! Here are notes and detailed explanations for questions and answers to the NBME internal medicine Form 6 practice exam. Hope this helps and good luck!

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) – Cystitis vs Pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, and Prognosis

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections that affect the urinary system. They can manifest in various forms, with cystitis and pyelonephritis being two distinct types of UTIs. While both conditions involve bacterial invasion of the urinary tract, they differ in terms of their symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis. This essay aims to compare and contrast cystitis and pyelonephritis along these dimensions to provide a comprehensive understanding of these prevalent medical conditions. Included are a summary table and multiple choice practice questions and answers. Enjoy!

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Crohn’s Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, and Prognosis

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC) affect millions and are both types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affect the gastrointestinal tract. This essay aims to compare and contrast Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, shedding light on their clinical presentations, underlying mechanisms, diagnostic approaches, treatment options, and prognosis. Included are a summary table and multiple choice practice questions and answers. Enjoy!

Top 70 Medical Abbreviations in Medical Record Notes and Sample History & Physical Exam Note

Medical abbreviations play a crucial role in the healthcare field by simplifying communication, improving efficiency, and ensuring patient safety. Accurate and standardized use of medical abbreviations is essential in medical record notes, as misinterpretation can lead to serious consequences. In this essay, we will present a comprehensive list of the top 70 medical abbreviations commonly used in medical record notes and a sample history and physical exam medical record note using the abbreviations, followed by a table for easy reference and multiple choice practice questions with answer explanations.

Biology Major vs Chemistry Major vs Biochemistry Major in College

Choosing a major in college can be challenging! Deciding to do a biology major, a chemistry major, and a biochemistry major in college involves considering their coursework, potential career prospects, and the future opportunities they can lead to. The popularity of biology, chemistry, and biochemistry majors in college can vary based on factors such as current trends, career opportunities, individual interests, and the unique strengths of each field. Their popularity can also be influenced by cultural and societal factors.

Comparing and Contrasting Acute Cholecystitis vs. Acute Cholangitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prognosis

Acute cholecystitis and acute cholangitis are both critical medical conditions that affect the biliary system, which plays a crucial role in the digestion and absorption of fats. While they share similarities in their symptoms and potential complications, these two conditions have distinct causes, diagnostic criteria, and management strategies. This essay aims to compare and contrast acute cholecystitis and acute cholangitis, shedding light on their clinical presentations, underlying mechanisms, diagnostic approaches, treatment options, and prognosis.

Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Adjustable Gastric Banding: Anatomy, Mechanisms, Treatment, and Prognosis

Hello friends! Sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and adjustable gastric banding are three popular surgical interventions for weight loss. These procedures aim to reduce the size of the stomach or limit food intake to promote weight loss. This essay compares and contrasts these procedures in terms of anatomy, mechanisms, treatment approach, and prognosis. Let’s dive in!

Heart Attack versus Heart Failure: Anatomy, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hello there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore heart attacks and heart failure, which are both important and highly common medical conditions. It is important to differentiate between heart attacks and heart failure as they have different clinical presentations and treatment approaches. Let’s compare and contrast these two types in terms of anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Stanford Type A vs Stanford Type B Aortic Dissection: Anatomy, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hi there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore aortic dissection which is a serious medical condition characterized by the tearing of the inner layer of the aortic wall, resulting in the formation of a false channel for blood flow. It is important to differentiate between Stanford type A and Stanford type B aortic dissections as they have different clinical presentations and treatment approaches. Let’s compare and contrast these two types in terms of anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Systolic Heart Failure vs Diastolic Heart Failure: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hey there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore heart failure, a medical condition where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. There are two types of heart failure: systolic and diastolic. Systolic heart failure is a condition where the heart muscles do not contract as forcefully as they should during each heartbeat. Diastolic heart failure is a condition where the heart muscles do not relax as they should during each heartbeat.

Aortic Stenosis vs Aortic Regurgitation: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hi there, my friends! In this lesson, we explore aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation as two common heart conditions that affect the aortic valve, which controls blood flow from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. While both conditions involve the aortic valve, they differ in their underlying causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Heart Block: First Degree vs Second Degree (Type I and Type 2) vs Third Degree – ECG Findings, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hello, my friends! In this lesson, we explore the four types of heart block. Heart block, also known as atrioventricular (AV) block, is a condition where there is a disruption in the electrical signals between the atria and ventricles of the heart. This can lead to a slower or irregular heartbeat, which can cause various symptoms and complications. There are four types of heart block: first-degree, second-degree type 1 (Wenckebach), second-degree type 2 (Mobitz II), and third-degree (complete) heart block. In this essay, we will compare and contrast the four types of heart block, including their ECG patterns, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Epidural Hematoma vs Subdural Hematoma vs Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis

Epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage are all types of intracranial bleeding that can occur due to various reasons, including head injury, stroke, or aneurysm. While these conditions share some similarities in terms of symptoms and treatment, there are also significant differences between them that can affect their diagnosis and prognosis.

Endocarditis vs Myocarditis vs Pericarditis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Hello my lovely friends! And Happy Heart Month! In this lesson, we explore the circulatory system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will continue to explore the awesome heart! Topics include inflammatory conditions of the heart: Endocarditis vs Myocarditis vs Pericarditis – Structure of the Layers of the Heart, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis.

Circulatory System 101: Systemic vs Pulmonary Flow, Heart Blood Flow Steps, Endocardium vs Myocardium vs Pericardium, and Systole vs Diastole [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

Love is in the air, my friends! In this lesson, we explore the circulatory system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome heart! Topics include Systemic vs Pulmonary Flow, Heart Blood Flow Steps, Endocardium vs Myocardium vs Pericardium, and Systole vs Diastole.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Biosignaling, Membrane Receptors, Signal Transduction, Ligand Gated Ion Channels vs G Protein Coupled Receptors vs Enzyme Linked Receptors [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include Biosignaling, Membrane Receptors, Signal Transduction, Ligand Gated Ion Channels vs G Protein Coupled Receptors vs Enzyme Linked Receptors

Check out our popular nervous system notes.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Neuronal Synapses, Types of Neurotransmitters: Glutamate vs GABA vs Glycine vs Acetylcholine vs Catecholamine, Mechanism of Action, and Neuroplasticity [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include Neuronal Synapses, Structure of Synapses, Types of Neurotransmitters: Glutamate vs GABA vs Glycine vs Acetylcholine vs Catecholamine, Neurotransmitter Mechanism of Action, Release, Removal, and Neuroplasticity.

Check out our popular nervous system notes.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Neuron Resting Potential vs Graded Potential vs Action Potential, Capacitance, & Demyelination Diseases: Guillain-Barre Syndrome vs Multiple Sclerosis [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include Neuron Resting Potential vs Graded Potential vs Action Potential, Axon Capacitance, Action Potential Patterns, and Demyelination Diseases: Guillain-Barre Syndrome vs Multiple Sclerosis .

Check out our popular nervous system notes.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Types of Neural Cells, Structure and Function, Astrocytes vs Microglia vs Ependymal Cells vs Oligodendrocytes vs Schwann Cells [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include the Early Types of Neural Cells, Structure and Function, Astrocytes vs Microglia vs Ependymal Cells vs Oligodendrocytes vs Schwann Cells. Check out our popular nervous system notes.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Early Methods vs Modern Ways of Studying the Brain, Brain Imaging – CT vs MRI vs EEG vs fMRI vs PET Scans [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include the Early Methods vs Modern Ways of Studying the Brain, Brain Imaging – CT vs MRI vs EEG vs fMRI vs PET Scans. Check out our popular nervous system notes.

Nervous System 101 Study Guide Notes: Neurotransmitter Anatomy, Glutamate vs Acetylcholine vs Histamine vs Norepinephrine vs Dopamine vs Serotonin, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors [MCAT, USMLE, Biology, Medicine]

In this lesson, we explore the nervous system and share notes as part of the study guide series. We will explore the awesome brain and nerves! Topics include neurotransmitter anatomy, glutamate, acetylcholine, histamine, norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Check out our popular nervous system notes.