Fundamental conversations, on freedom and self-determination, greatly influenced Anthony Burgess’ choice of immoral characterization and dramatic plot development in his 1962 dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange, dealing with what it means to be able to make choices in a restrictive society and dabbling in themes of freedom and bondage.
Modern-day democracies across the globe continue to thrive as world powers as a result of the choices made by its citizens. However, when governments suppress the voice of the people, as seen in A Clockwork Orange’s totalitarian government, growth is stunted and the government remains static. Similarly, philosophers have debated whether individuals have free will and the extent to which this self-sufficiency extends. Alvin Plantinga, an analytic professor at the University of Notre Dame describes the ability to choose as, “Now, God can create free creatures, but he can’t cause or determine them to do only what is right. For if he does so, then they aren’t significantly free after all; they do not do what is right freely.” (Plantinga). Plantinga’s attention towards the ability to make choices rather than rely on foreordained outcomes reveals the very hypocrisy Burgess aims to reveal through his novel, a hypocrisy centered on the notion that good can’t live without the choice to do otherwise. Alex, who is the antihero of the novel, questions the government which strives to dictate him, wondering, “ What does God want? Does God want goodness or the choice of goodness? Is a man who chooses the bad perhaps in some way better than a man who has the good imposed upon him?” (Burgess). Alex’s internal line of questioning and later entrapment by the restrictive government reveals the evident truth of decision making. Without choice, then there is no moral guideline to follow and, essentially, no discernment from right and wrong. To state that the ability to make a choice through self-autonomy is an act of hypocrisy in and of itself as the individual making such a claim would be referring to their own volition. For example, Jans Jonas, a German philosopher reveals an anecdote about a group of physiologists such as Ernst Brucke and Emil du Bois-Reymond who promised early in their careers, “Brucke and I pledged a solemn oath to put into effect this truth: ‘that no other forces are at work in the organism except chemical-physical ones’” (Jones). Contrary to their statement, their eventual rise to fame is an indicator of the impact personal actions have on an individual. As Seifert, an Austrian philosopher explains,
Jane Eyre: Chapters 1, 2, and 3 & Literary Analysis. A classic book about romance, adventure, and love, Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is read and beloved by millions every year. Check out free book chapters of Jane Eyre, essays, and literary analysis.
We have collected a list of some of our top 15 favorite alternative websites similar to and like Sparknotes: Top Websites Similar to Sparknotes for literature help, study guides, etc
Literary analysis essay of In the Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez, and character analysis of Minerva and Mirabal sisters
Literary analysis and symbolism essay of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K. Dick, including the symbolic interplay of Silence, Entropy, Kipple, Loneliness, and Connection, Humanism, Television, Androids, conclusions and themes
Literary analysis and symbolism essay of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K. Dick, including the symbolic interplay of science and organized religion, science, humanism, faith, androids, Mercerism, conclusion and thematic ending
Literature Analysis and Symbolism in The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald: Original Symbolism Essay and literary analysis of The Great Gatsby including green light and Daisy symbolism, wealth, American Dream, the Great Gatsby, the color green, materialism, Daisy, and other symbols.
Symbolism in The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald: Original Symbolism Essay and literary analysis of The Great Gatsby including wealth, materialism, Tom Buchanan, house, movement, and other symbols.
Symbolism in The Road by Cormac McCarthy: Original Symbolism Essay of The Road including hope, fire, light, ashes, grayness and other symbols
Avatar Movie Essay on Hero’s Journey By James Cameron: analyzing Jake Sully in Avatar the movie and his Hero’s Journey – original analysis essay and movie review
Literature Analysis Essay of Romeo and Juliet Star Crossed Lovers Analysis, Meaning, Symbolism: A “Star-Crossed” Play (#11 Bill Play Cover): What does star-crossed lovers mean in Romeo and Juliet?
Character analysis of Jean Louise Scout Finch, her growth, and development in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee: Original literature essay
An analysis essay on the ethics of fast food and the American fast food industry in Super Size Me documentary directed by and starring Morgan Spurlock; Review summary of Super Size Me
Analyzing the Gandhi Box’s Ending In the short story “Gandhi Box,” author Daniel Abraham explores the consequences and contagious influences of the unbalance between unbridled pure desires and submissions to societal rules. Through the climatic ending, Abraham illustrates how man’s inability to reconcile with his internal moral and instinctive […]