Shorthand is the use of abbreviated spellings and or simplified symbols to record information in a quicker, more compact form. The opposite of this is longhand, which generally uses either block lettering or a cursive script. While it takes longer to fully write something out in longhand, all or most of those fluent in a given language will understand what is written down, as opposed to shorthand, which requires special training. In light of modern recording and word processing technologies, the decline in shorthand’s use seems inevitable, with newer inventions allowing those who only known longhand to reap the benefits of shorthand. And yet several shorthand systems thrive in a few niche industries. To fully appreciate shorthand and its resilience, one must go back to its origins.
In this quick, easy-to-understand lesson, we learn about the kidney’s development and renal embryology in 3 stages. Mnemonics & Kidney Embryology Quiz Included!
Children infected by COVID-19 are experiencing mysterious symptoms. This condition is known as MIS-C, but what is MIS-C? And how is it related to COVID-19?
Mental illness has long remained a topic that many seem to be clueless about and one that has been stigmatized and stereotyped.
Learn about the truth about mental illness, the history of its treatment, and how we can help break the taboo about mental illness and promote mental health for ourselves and others.
Does being alone at home make a person go insane? After weeks of social distancing because of COVID-19, people locked up in their homes may be getting bored and restless. Attending school, going out to eat, hanging out with friends — parts of their lives that are normal — are no longer possible. What is the science behind the human’s social brain, and what does isolation do to the brain?
In March 2020, U.S. President Donald Trump touted hydroxychloroquine as an effective treatment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Mr. Trump highlighted the drug cocktail of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as “one of the biggest game changers in the history of medicine.”1 But how effective is hydroxychloroquine in combating COVID-19 in actuality?
In this article, we learn about hydroxychloroquine a potential drug treatment for COVID-19 and evaluate its scientific efficacy.
Help, I smell like fish! Is this even possible?
Body odor is a fact of life. For many, this is a simple fix either through some deodorant or a quick shower, but for some unlucky few, a fishy odor always remain. This is none other than Fish Odor Syndrome, a rare genetic disorder also known as Trimethylaminuria (TMAU). Learn more about the biology behind Fish Odor Syndrome, the FMO3 gene, cures and treatments.
COVID-19 Pandemic: Do you need to wear a face mask? How effective are face masks in protecting us from the spread of COVID-19? In this article, we evaluate the efficacy and importance of face masks amidst COVID-19 pandemic.
What is the difference between central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea? In this lesson, we learn about sleep apnea, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and differentiate between central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea. USMLE
Brain Bee Study Guide: Free resources and study guide notes for Brain Bee competition students: Chapter 9 Kinds of Research
Differences between autocrine, paracrine, juxtacrine, and endocrine signaling. Quick easy lesson on Autocrine vs Paracrine vs Endocrine vs Juxtacrine Signaling.
Biology Unit 2 Study Guide: Basic Building Blocks of Life. Protein, lipid, nucleic acid, carbohydrate, properties of water, enzymes, organelles. With examples and answers to help make biomolecules easy to learn!
Lysosomal Storage Diseases: Tay-Sachs Disease vs Niemann-Pick DIsease: Similarities and differences for symptoms, causes, enzymes, biochemistry, inheritance, etc
Biology Unit 1 Study Guide: Ecology and Scientific Method, including Characteristics of Life, Biodiversity, Cycles of Matter, and Global Change. With examples and answers to help make ecology easy to learn!
How is glucose transported into the blood? How is glucose taken up by red blood cells? In this easy-to-understand lesson, we explain the processes behind these questions.
Digestive System Anatomy: Diagram, Organs, Structures, and Functions
Nutrition: Glucose and Diabetes Type 1 vs. Diabetes Type 2, Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins
In this lesson, we explain the differences between transference and countertransference in clinical psychiatry, 3 types of transference in therapy, and included USMLE practice question.
USMLE Lesson on Biochemistry Nutrition: Zinc Deficiency, the functions of zinc, including its role as zinc fingers transcription factor motifs, and zinc deficiency symptoms
In this quick and easy lesson, we explain what is the Cori cycle, how the Cori cycle works, what is its clinical significance, and where is the Cori cyle located: MCAT and USMLE medicine.
In this lesson, we will explain the differences between the upper and lower respiratory system and the differences between upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections.
Ectoderm, Endoderm, and Mesoderm: What do the 3 Germ Cell Layers Give Rise To? Definitions, Table, and Easy Mnemonics for the 3 Germ Cell Layers
How does DNA transcription work in bacteria and prokaryotes? In this lesson, we explain how bacterial transcription works and its 3 basic steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.
What makes something living? What are the characteristics of living things? All life has a common origin, but how do we know? This lesson examines various characteristics that define life and the origin of life. Various famous scientists and their biological discoveries are also discussed.